The research looked used a double mutant where the insulin signaling and TOR pathways were genetically altered (pathways which are regulated in the mitochondria – the ‘power houses’ of cells). In doing so, the lifespan of C. elegans was amplified by 500 percent. The research shows how two pathways need to work in tandem (or ‘synergistic interaction’); the implications are that to come up with the most effective anti-aging treatments in the future scientists will need to look at longevity networks instead of focusing upon individual pathways.
Commenting on the study, lead researcher Dr. Hermann Haller states: “Despite the discovery in C. elegans of cellular pathways that govern aging, it hasn’t been clear how these pathways interact.”
However, the scientist adds: “by helping to characterize these interactions, our scientists are paving the way for much-needed therapies to increase healthy lifespan for a rapidly aging population.”
The research has been published in the journal Cell Reports, where the research paper is titled “Translational Regulation of Non-autonomous Mitochondrial Stress Response Promotes Longevity.”